Don't drink the water! Diarrhoea from US swimming pools rising
19 May, 2017, 23:22
Crypto caused at least 32 outbreaks in swimming pools or water parks in 2016, compared with 16 in 2014, according to a report published in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's weekly report on death and disease.
The CDC report says Crypto is not easily killed by chlorine and can survive up to 10 days, even in properly treated water.
Once a pool or water playground is infected with crypto, it's easy to spread, but not easy to get rid of. The CDC said it's not clear if the number of outbreaks has increased or if better surveillance and lab testing has helped better detect outbreaks.
Crypto is extremely hard to kill at standard levels of pool disinfectants.
It only takes a mouthful of contaminated water to make a healthy person sick, according to the CDC. Any inadvertent ingestion of even chlorinated pool water could wind up giving you cryptosporidium. In Arizona, 36 out of 51 Little League players and their families got sick at one Phoenix-area pool, and the whole county reported 352 confirmed cases of cryptosporidiosis.
Alabama, Arizona, Ohio, and other states examined and controlled outbreak of Crypto connected to swimming pools or water playgrounds in the year 2016. The only way to ensure the health of the water once its been infected is to close the pool and treat it with extremely high levels of chlorine that are unsafe for humans to swim in.
In the report, rates of a parasitic, diarrhea-causing infection have doubled from 2014 to 2016.
To protect themselves, swimmers should avoid swallowing any pool water, and make sure that kids don't have pool toys that encourage swallowing the water, Hlavsa said.
There were twice as many outbreaks reported to CDC in 2016 compared with 2014, researchers from the CDC and from health department in Alabama, Arizona, and OH reported today in the latest issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). People who are infected with Crypto should wait two weeks after the diarrhea stops before swimming.
CDC is working to improve CryptoNet with more advanced DNA fingerprinting techniques.
Hlavsa said crypto is resistant to chlorine. "We all share the water we swim in, but we don't want to share germs, pee or poop".
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